Music & Art
N°1: Who wrote the Italian National Anthem?
The lyrics were written in 1847 by a young student, Goffredo Mameli it was adopted during the Risorgimento and changed after the Italy’s Unification. When Italy became a Republic it was again adopted. Technically, it was only officially made the national anthem of Italy in December 2017, 170 years after its composition.
N°2: What is the David of Michelangelo?
- A marble sculpture
- A song
- An Italian film
- A painting
The David is a marble sculpture located in Florence in the Academy Gallery. Before the 1910, the David was out in the open in Piazza della Signoria but then was transferred to the Academy Gallery to prevent its deterioration, and the David we currently see this square is a copy of the original.
N°3: Who was Luciano Pavarotti?
- An Italian tenor
- An Italian architect
- An Italian athlete
- An Italian painter
Luciano Pavarotti was an Italian tenor, considered among the truly great opera stars of the 20th century; capable of enchantment of all the most important theaters in the world, selling over 100 million copies and winning numerous awards including six Grammy Awards.
N°4: Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
The Sistine Chapel is located inside the Vatican Museums and is the private chapel of the pope. It’s also where all of the cardinals from around the world come together to elect a new pope during the conclave. The father of this magnificent artwork is Michelangelo, but several artists of the Renaissance worked in that.
N°5: Which Italian singer sang “Nel blu dipinto di blu”?
- Domenico Modugno
- Renzo Arbore
The song better knows in the world like “Volare” was written and sung by Domenico Madugno; one of the most important and famous Italian singer of the 20° century. He was also an actor and a member of the Italian parliament for a short time.
N°6: Where is “The Valley of the Temples”?
The Valley of the Temples is located in Agrigento, in south of Sicily and covers a vast area of approximately 1300 hectares that was included in 1997 in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The impressive Doric temples constitute one of the most important testaments to Greek culture and art in Italy.
N°7 What Italian artist painted “The Creation of Adam”?
The Creation of Adam in one of the most important masterpieces in the world. It is located in Rome, into the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. Michelangelo, with is art, represented the perfect instant in which the Creator touch with his fingers those of Adam transferring him the breath of the life.
N°8: What was the more powerful family of the Italian Renaissance?
- De Andrè
The Medici was the most powerful family in the Renaissance. They created and controlled the largest bank in Europe and also gained an enormous political power, effectively controlling Florence for much of the Renaissance. Moreover, three popes, Leo X, Clement VII, and Leo XI, emerged from the family.
N°9: What is the name of the woman painted in the Gioconda?
There has been much debate regarding the identity of the Gioconda, but in 2005 Lisa del Giocondo was definitively identified as the model of the painting. She was an Italian noblewoman, member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany, wife of the Florentine merchant Francesco di Bartolomeo del Giocondo.
N°10: What is Naples famous for?
- San Carlo Theatre
- Massimo Theatre
- Fenice Theatre
- Scala Theatre
One of the symbols of Naples is its Theatre San Carlo whose foundation precedes the famous Scala theatre in Milan and the Fenice theatre in Venice. In 1737 the first king of Bourbon, Charles III became the promoter of the project from which was created the theatre that represented a clear sign of his power.
N°11: Which was the film directed by Roberto Benigni that won the Oscar?
- Life is beautiful
- Nothing left to do but cry
- Jhonny Stecchino
- The tiger and the snow
Life Is Beautiful is a 1997 Italian drama film directed by and starring Roberto Benigni; it won three Academy Awards out of seven total nominations. The main character is cheerful and playful Jewish man, who, deported together with his family in a Nazi lager will try to protect his son from the horrors of the Holocaust.
N°12: What was the song sung during the Italian Resistance?
- Bella Ciao
- Sempre e per sempre
Bella Ciao is an evergreen song, belonging to the Italian partisans. They used to sing it during the resistance against the Nazi German forces occupying Italy, and, during the Italian Civil War. Even today represent a hymn of freedom among generations.
N°13: Who represented Cyprus at Eurovision Song Contest with the song FUEGO in 2018?
- Sakis Rouvas
- Anna Vissi
- Eleni Foureirra
- Antonis Remos
Cyprus took their best ever result in the Eurovision Song Contest with Eleni Foureira and “Fuego”, placed second in the final.
N°14: Who was Michael Kasialos?
- A musician
- A painter
- An actor
- An architect
Michael Kasialos was a creative painter. He drew his subjects from everyday life, as he experienced it. He painted the customs and traditions of his place, especially those related to the cycle of life: the bride’s adornment, the dance, the making of the bed, the wedding feast, the sacrament in the Church, the birth and everything connected with her.
N°15: Which village is rumoured to have been visited by Leonardo Da Vinci?
In 1481, Leonardo Da Vinci is rumored to have been visited Lefkara and that he took one of the embroideries in the cathedral of Milan which was laid on the holy table of this famous temple which he adorned for years.
N°16: Where can you find the most sophisticated designs and patterns of Cypriot lacework?
- Kato Dris
White embroidery («lefkaritika») was practiced everywhere on the island. However, the most sophisticated design and patterns were introduced in Lefkara. Lefkaritika is a type of craft that is usually referred to as embroidery, even though it combines both elements from lacemaking and embroidery.
N°17: Which is considered as a traditional Cypriot dance?
- Glass dancing (Tatsia)
- Belly Dance
Tatsia is a dance of skill, combining the hand and body in non-stop movement. The dancer holds a sieve in his hand with the four main fingers on the top of the inside perimeter of the sieve, while his thumb is on the top of the outside. Then an assistant of the dancer (usually a woman), or even the dancer himself, puts a glass of wine on the bottom of the inside perimeter of the sieve. The wine within the glass must not exceed the middle of the glass. Then the dancer performs a variety of moves with his hands holding the sieve, as he is dancing to the rhythm. The dancer can put in the sieve as many glasses of wine as he likes.
N°18: Which is considered as a traditional music instrument in Cyprus?
Pidkiavli is the Cyrpus flute. It is the oldest musical instrument of Cyprus. It was hand made by rod or wood. The “pidkiavli” was usually used by the shepherds out in the fields where they used to play some “fones” or other melodies, but it was also used for improvisations. Very few of them are still alive and so you hardly listen this instrument today.
N°19: Who of the following poets is Cypriot and his work is in the Cypriot Dialect?
- Odysseas Elytis
- Dimitris Libertis
- Costantinos Cavafy
- Kiki Dimoula
Dimitris Theophani Lipertis is a Cypriot poet. He wrote and published some poetry in katharevousa but the main body of his work is in the Cypriot Dialect.
N°20: How is it called the Cypriot impromptu oral poetry?
The lively, impromptu oral poetry known as Tsiattista is often performed to the accompaniment of violin or lute in ‘jousts’ in which one poet-singer attempts to outdo another with clever verses made up of rhyming couplets. It has long been a popular component of wedding feasts, fairs and other public celebrations, where eager crowds encourage poets to perform.
N°21: Where was the glaze pottery developed in the 14th century?
The art of glazed pottery, which comes from Byzantium, appeared in Paphos and Lapithos in the 14th century AD. In Lapithos it has been preserved over the years, while in Paphos it lasted for a period of less than a century.
N°22: Who is the composer of the Cyprus National Anthem?
- Dionysios Solomos
- Solon Michaelides
- Constantine Cavafy
- Giorgos Seferis
The “Hymn to Liberty” or “Hymn to Freedom” is a poem written by Dionysios Solomos in 1823 that consists of 158 stanzas, which is used as the national anthem of Greece and Cyprus. It was set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros, and is the longest national anthem in the world by length of text.
N°23: Where are the Adonis Baths Water Falls?
Located in Kili Paphos. Aphrodite, the Goddess of Beauty and Adonis were deeply in love and had their children in Paphos. The Goddess of hunting, Artemis on the other hand was envious of their love leading to her desire to kill Adonis. She attempted few times to kill him from drowning him by getting his attention while throwing a golden almond in the baths to pushing a mountain at the baths by the help of Mars. Adonis was unlucky and was killed by a man in a wild boar disguise while he was hunting. He left his last breath in the arms of Aphrodite as soon as he returned to the baths.
N°24: The members from the Cyprus Symphony Orchestra are from…
- Different countries
The CySO is in itself a living symbol of multiculturalism, since its 41 members come from 16 different countries.
N°25: A lyre in Ancient Greece was…?
- a kind of flute
- a kind of guitar
- an octave species
- a string instrument
The lyre (lýra in Greek) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods. The lyre is similar in appearance to a small harp but with distinct differences. In Ancient Greece, recitations of lyric poetry were accompanied by lyre playing. The lyre of classical antiquity was ordinarily played by being strummed with a plectrum (pick), like a guitar or a zither, rather than being plucked with the fingers as with a harp. The lyre was a folk-instrument, associated with the cult of Apollo. It was used to accompany others or even oneself for recitation and song, and was the conventional training-instrument for an aristocratic education.
N°26: What does ‘OPA’ means in Greek?
- ‘’Sing with me’’
- ‘’Dance with me’’
- It is a traditional expression
- It is used for rhythm
Opa (Greek: ώπα) is a common Mediterranean emotional expression. It is frequently used during celebrations such as weddings or traditional dancing. In Greek culture, the expression sometimes accompanies the act of plate smashing. It can also be used to express enthusiasm, shock or surprise, or just after having made a mistake. Opa is also used in Italy and Albania, and by some of the South Slavic nations, such as Serbia, Croatia and North Macedonia as an expression of shock and surprise, or in their traditional folk dances.
N°27: What is the Zorbas’s Dance called?
Sirtaki or syrtaki (Greek: συρτάκι) is a popular dance of Greek origin. It is an instrumental by composer Mikis Theodorakis. The song featured for the dance, which has become known as sirtaki, in the 1964 film Zorba the Greek, for which Theodorakis wrote the soundtrack and became renowned around the world. It is now commonly played and danced to in Greek tavernas.
N°28: Melina Mercouri was a Greek famous…?
- Opera singer
- Actress, singer, and politician
Melina Mercouri was a Greek actress, singer, and politician. As an actress, Mercouri made her film debut in Stella (1955) and met international success with her performances in ‘Never on Sunday’ (1960, with future husband Jules Dassin), ‘Phaedra’, ‘Topkapi’, and ‘Promise at Dawn’. She won the award for Best Actress at the 1960 Cannes Film Festival (which she shared with Jeanne Moreau for her performance in Seven Days…Seven Nights). She was nominated for an Academy Award, a Tony Award, three Golden Globe Awards, and two BAFTA Awards. A political activist during the Greek military junta of 1967–1974, Mercouri became a member of the Hellenic Parliament in 1977 and became the first female Minister for Culture of Greece in 1981. In 1983, Mercouri proposed the programme of the European Capital of Culture, which was established by the European Union in 1985.
N°29: Who is the father of Music Theory in Ancient Greece?
Pythagoras is the Father of Music Theory. The link between numbers and music was observed by Pythagoras by analyzing the vibrations of strings of various lengths. According to legend he discovered the mathematical rationale of musical consonance from the weights of hammers used by smiths. He found that the interval of an octave is rooted in the ratio 2:1, that of the fifth in 3:2, that of the fourth in 4:3, and that of the whole tone in 9:8. The Pythagoreans applied these ratios to lengths of a string on an instrument called a canon, or monochord ( a board with two bridges between which a string is stretched and a third bridge that divides the string in two parts), and thereby were able to determine mathematically the intonation of an entire musical system.
N°30: Which Greek soprano has been called “La Divina”?
- Jenny Drivala
- Agnes Baltsa
- Sonia Theodoridou
- Maria Callas
Maria Callas (1923-1977) wa an American-born Greek soprano and one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century. No other opera singer has aroused such public interest and such controversy as Maria Callas, “La Divina”. And that because of her wide-ranging voice and her dramatic gifts, but also because of her beauty and her love affair with the Greek billionaire Aristotle Onassis. Operas of Donizetti, Bellini, Rossini, Verdi, Puccini and Wagner were in the repertoire of Maria Callas . In 1969, the Italian Director Pier Paolo Pasolini casted Callas in her only non-operatic acting role, as the mythological character of Medea.
N°31: Who build the Parthenon in Acropolis of Athens?
- Phidias, Ictinus and Callicrates
- Pericles, Cimon, Themistocles
- Aristotle, Platon, Sophocles
- Xenophon, Pausanias, Thucydides
Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt by order of Pericles during the so-called Golden Age of Athens (460–430 BC). Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.
N°32: What is the winged Victory of Samothrace?
- a famous lady from Samothrace
- an ancient Greek painting
- an ancient Greek statue
- a Greek Muse in mythology
The Winged Victory of Samothrace, also called the Nike of Samothrace is a marble Hellenistic sculpture of Nike (the Greek goddess of victory), that was created in about the 2nd century BC. Since 1884, it has been prominently displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. The sculpture is one of a small number of major Hellenistic statues surviving in the original, rather than Roman copies. Only Winged Victory’s right wing isn’t original, and was added by mirroring the left wing. The statue is 244 centimetres (8.01 ft) high. It was created not only to honor the goddess, Nike, but probably also to commemorate a naval action.
N°33: Where the word “music” comes from?
- from the ancient Greek ‘mélos’
- from the ancient Greek ‘métron’
- from the ancient Greek ‘moûsa’
- from the word ‘museum’
The word music comes from the Muses, (Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai, Modern Greek: Μούσες) the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (i.e., “Memory” personified), figuring as personifications of knowledge and the arts, especially poetry, literature, dance and music. The word “muse” can refer in general to anyone or anything which inspires an artist, musician, or writer.
N°34: What is a Greek tragedy?
- a form of music style
- a form of theatre
- a form of dance contest
- a form of poetry
Greek tragedy is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Anatolia. It reached its most significant form in Athens in the 5th century BC, the works of which are sometimes called Attic tragedy. Greek tragedy is widely believed to be an extension of the ancient rites carried out in honor of Dionysus, and it heavily influenced the theatre of Ancient Rome and the Renaissance. Tragic plots were most often based upon myths from the oral traditions of archaic epics. In tragic theatre, however, these narratives were presented by actors. The most acclaimed tragedians are Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides.
N°35: Ithaka is a greek island and the hometown of the hero Odysseus. Ithaka is also the title of a poem. Who is the poet?
- Agelos Sikelianos
- Konstantinos Kavafis
- Giorgos Seferis
- Kostis Palamas
Konstantinos Kavafis (1863-1933) was an Egyptiot Greek poet, journalist and civil servant. His consciously individual style earned him a place among the most important figures not only in Greek poetry, but in Western poetry as well. Kavafis wrote 155 poems. The poem begins: “When you depart for Ithaka, wish for the road to be long, full of adventure, full of knowledge…” The traveller should set out with hope, and at the end you may find Ithaca has no more riches to give you, but “Ithaca gave you the marvelous journey”.
N°36: Which Greek composer won the Academy Award for Best Original Score for the film Chariots of Fire?
- Demis Roussos
- Georges Moustaki
- Vangelis Papathanassiou
- Manos Hatzidakis
Vangelis Papathanassiou, best known as Vangelis, was born in Greece in 1943. Having had a career in music spanning over 50 years and having composed and performed more than 50 albums, Vangelis is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of electronic, progressive and orchestral music. He won the Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1981. He has also composed scores to the films Blade Runner, Missing, Antarctica, The Bounty, 1492: Conquest of Paradise and Alexander.
N°37: How many music compositions did Mozart produce?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a prolific classical composer born in Austria. Even though he died at the age of 35, he produced 626 music pieces. His most prominent works are in: opera, piano concerto, piano sonata, symphony, string quartet, and string quintet. Mozart also wrote many pieces for solo piano, other forms of chamber music, masses and other religious music, masonic music, and numerous dances, marches, divertimentos, serenades.
N°38: What is the Little Mushroom?
- A symphony
- A musical instrument
- A nickname
- A museum
The Austrian composer Franz Schubert, one of the music’s greatest lyricists, was nicknamed Schwammerl (Little Mushroom) by his friends because he was just five feet tall, and contemporary pictures show him as being dimpled and chubby with a snub nose and sensitive eyes, peering from behind thick glasses.
N°39: What is yodeling?
- A traditional woodcraft
- A folk dance
- A mountain sport
- Throat singing
Yodeling is a type of throat singing that was developed in the Alps. is a form of singing which involves repeated and rapid changes of pitch between the low-pitch chest register (or “chest voice”) and the high-pitch head register or falsetto. Alpine yodeling was a longtime rural tradition in Europe, and became popular in the 1830s as entertainment in theaters and music halls.In Europe, yodeling is still a major feature of folk music (Volksmusik) from Switzerland, Austria and southern Germany and can be heard in many contemporary folk songs, which are also featured on regular TV broadcasts.
N°40: Who was the most popular hit of the Austrian famous singer Falco?
- The Blue Danube
- Rock me Amadeus
- Night Flight
The best selling Austrian singer of all time, was ‘80s pop musician Falco. His single Rock me Amadeus topped the charts on both sides of the Atlantic. “Rock Me Amadeus” reached No. 1 on the Billboard charts in 1986, making Falco the only German-speaking artist to score a vocal number-one hit in the United States.
N°41: Which musical instruments did Beethoven play?
- piano and violin
- flute and piano
- cello and violin
- double bass and clarinet
Ludwig van Beethoven was a composer and a pianist. He worked in the transition period from the classical period to the romantic era. He moved to Vienna at the age of 21 and was acknowledged as a virtuoso pianist. As a young boy he also played the violin mainly doing improvisations. He studied with Mozart´s teacher, and is best known for translating feeling into music
N°42: Who composed the Ode of Joy – the anthem of Europe?
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Ludwig van Beethoven
- Frederic Chopin
The Ode of Joy is the organisational anthem used by the Council of Europe to represent Europe as a whole and the European Union is based on Ode to Joy from the final movement of Beethoven’s 9th Symphony composed in 1823. Friedrich Schiller wrote the poem To Joy in 1785 as a “celebration of the brotherhood of man”. The poem provided the words for the Ludwig van Beethoven’s 9th Symphony in 1824. The Council of Europe adopted his tune in 1972 known as the Anthem of Europe.
N°43: Who was known as the Walz King?
- Franz Schubert
- Johann Strauss II
- Joseph Haydn
- Gustav Mahler
Johann Strauss II, born in Vienna in 1825, became one of the country’s most prolific composers, writing over 500 works. He was especially respected for his 150 waltzes that earned him the nickname the Waltz King.
N°44: The Blind Enchantress refers to …
- An opera
- A symphony
- A musical instrument
- A composer
Maria Theresia von Paradis was an Austrian pianist – composer and performer who toured Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. She lost her sight when she was 3, this is why The Times of London contemporaneously called her ‘the Blind Enchantress’. She was acquainted with Mozart, Haydn, who allegedly composed for her. She was a part of the most influential circles in music – the Viennese School.
N°45: How old was Mozart when he wrote his first symphony?
Mozart wrote his first symphony when he was only 8. He started his education at the age of 5 and could play the clarinet at that age. At 7 he started his grand tour of performances with his parents.
N°46: Where you can see the famous painting The Kiss?
- The Louvre (France)
- Prado Museum (Spain)
- Museum Reina Sofia (Spain)
- Belvedere Palace (Austria)
The Kiss is the most popular work of the Austrian artist Gustav Klimt. He painted in 1907 and it attracts thousands of visitors to Vienna. The painting depicts a couple embracing each other, their bodies entwined in elaborate beautiful robes. The painting was considered scandalous at the beginning of the 20th century. Despite the public outcry it generated, The Kiss sold before the artist had completely finished it – bought by the Belvedere museum.
N°47: Where can you visit a Chimney Sweep Musemu?
The Rauchfangkehrermuseum is a Museum of Vienna Chimneys, where visitors can see an interesting exhibition on the history of Viennese chimney sweeps over five hundred years. The exhibition tells about the history of the chimney sweep profession, as well as their tasks at the time. Visitors can see a collection of many souvenirs of chimney sweeps.
N°48: In which movie you can see The Austrian Oak?
- The Sound of Music
- The Piano Teacher
One of the world’s best-known Austrians is Arnold Schwarzenegger, who starred in the Terminator action film series, among others. He started his career as a bodybuilder and during these days he was nicknamed was nicknamed the Austrian Oak. Later on he became a governor of California from 2003-2010.
N°49: Who was Amália Rodrigues?
- A Portuguese Politician from the 21st century
- The 1st women voting in Portugal
- A Portuguese Fado singer
- A Portuguese writer
Amália Rodrigues was one of the most important and known Portuguese Fado singer from the 20th century, that also made some performances as an actress. Amália become worldwide known as the Queen of Fado and had a crucial role in the promotion of the Portuguese culture, in particularly Fado. Amália was also important to promote Portuguese literature by singing poems from well-known Portuguese poets in Fado.
Digital source: https://www.museudofado.pt/en/fado/persolanity/amalia-rodrigues-en and http://amaliarodrigues.pt/
Full experience: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8CgXY0aUdnfMyBFnCUyUtQ
N°50: Which instrument the Portuguese musician, Carlos Paredes, played?
- Portuguese Guitar
- Traditional drum
Carlos Paredes was a virtuoso Portuguese guitar player and composer. Carlos Paredes began playing Portuguese guitar at the age of four and started his music career at the age of eleven. He performed with many other artists including Charlie Haden and also wrote compositions for Fado singer Amália Rodrigues. He was an expert playing the Portuguese Guitar – a pear-shaped cittern with twelve wire strings, unique to Portugal – considered very difficult to play.
Digital source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Paredes and https://www.museudofado.pt/en/fado/persolanity/carlos-paredes-en
Full experience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b_iaItjC72M
N°51: What is a Cavaquinho?
- A traditional dessert from Portugal
- A traditional festivity in Portugal
- A traditional instrument from Portugal
- A Portuguese traditional costume
Cavaquinho is a string instrument from Minho, a region in the North of Portugal, from where was later taken to other countries such as Brazil, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Hawaii, and Madeira. In fact, the worldwide known instrument from Hawaii – Ukulele – is descending from the Portuguese Cavaquinho.
Digital source: https://casadaguitarra.pt/en/categorias_produto/cavaquinhos-familia/
Full experience: https://www.youtube.com/user/juliopereiravideo
N°52: In which year Fado – urban popular song from Portugal – was considered Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO?
Fado is an urban popular song from Portugal that can be traced to the 1820s in Lisbon, Portugal, but probably has much earlier origins. Fado songs are usually performed by a solo singer, male or female, traditionally accompanied by a wire-strung acoustic guitar and the Portuguese guitar.
Digital source: https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/fado-urban-popular-song-of-portugal-00563 and https://youtu.be/JxYZz7rwJag
Full experience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_z2LIVaTcUE
N°53: “Amar pelos Dois” is the title of…
- A Portuguese book about Lisbon from 2015
- A documentary from 2018 about Portuguese music
- A Portuguese music that won the Eurovision 2017
- A painting from a famous Portuguese painter from 2016
“Amor pelos Dois” is the title of a song of the Portuguese singer Salvador Sobral that represented Portugal and won the Eurovision 2017 in Kiev, Ukraine. The song had such impact that several persons from all world done their own versions, in National or Portuguese languages.
Digital source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amar_pelos_dois
Full experience: https://youtu.be/Qotooj7ODCM
N°54: In which Portuguese city you can find the Chordophones Museum?
- Viana do Castelo
The museum was built by a local craftsman Domingos Machado that while working for largest collectors from Portugal and all Europe, decide to create his own collection. The museum is based in Braga and has a collection of over eighty chordophone instruments, from medieval times, through the baroque and coming up to today.
Digital source: http://museudecordofones.pt/en/
Full experience: https://youtu.be/1fRfklF39hM
N°55: Who is Álvaro Siza Vieira?
- A Portuguese architect
- A Portuguese politician
- A Portuguese actor
- All mentioned above
Álvaro Siza Vieira is a Portuguese architect and architectural educator, known internationally. He designed different buildings in different countries (Portugal, China, United States of America, Taiwan, Cape Verde, Island, Spain among other places) and received different international awards, including: Pritzker Prize (1992), Royal Gold Medal (2009), UIA Gold Medal (2011), Golden Lion for lifetime achievement (2012), National Architecture Award of Spain (2019).
Digital source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%81lvaro_Siza_Vieira
Full experience: https://www.pinterest.pt/jossantabarbara/siza-vieira/
N°56: Which object Joana Vasconcelos, a Portuguese sculptor, used to do Cinderela’s slipper (2017)?
Joana Vasconcelos is a Portuguese sculptor known for using original and different materials to build her sculptors that usually involves the engagement of different experts from different fields. Cinderela’s slipper is made of pots produced in Portugal.
Digital source: http://joanavasconcelos.com/info_en.aspx?oid=625
Full experience: http://www.joanavasconcelos.com/obras.aspx
N°57: Which of the following is the most antique public museum in Portugal?
- National Coach Museum
- National Museum of Ancient Art
- Soares dos Reis Museum
- Serralves Museum
Soares dos Reis Museum (Museu Soares dos Reis) in Porto was the country’s first public museum. Founded in 1833 under the aegis of Liberalism, it was created to receive the confiscated property of the dissolved monasteries both in Porto and those of S. Martinho de Tibães and Santa Cruz de Coimbra in its Episcopal See.
Digital source: http://www.museusoaresdosreis.gov.pt/en-GB/history/HighlightList.aspx
Full experience: https://youtu.be/Z-wsVF7YSdA
N°58: Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, a Portuguese painter had double nationality, Portuguese and…
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva settled in Paris as a painter, where she met her husband Arpad Szenes. She became one of the most acclaimed abstract artists in post-war Europe, due to her original geometrised compositions. After a period of exile in Brazil during World War II she was given French nationality.
Digital source and full experience: https://gulbenkian.pt/museu/en/artist/maria-helena-vieira-da-silva-2/
N°59: What of the most distinct marks of the Portuguese culture is the…
- Cristal glasses
- Roof tiles
The tile is one of the most distinct marks of the Portuguese culture. Many of the public buildings and spaces are ornated and complemented with tiles and many times illustrate the Portuguese history. There is a large industry of production of tiles in Portugal that since the 15th century.
Digital source: https://www.cityguidelisbon.com/article/portuguese-tiles/
Full experience: https://www.pinterest.pt/jimmysooze/portuguese-tiles/
N°60: Filigree is a manual art used in which traditional Portuguese sector:
Filigree is a manual art that requires immeasurable expertise to work the tiny strands of gold or silver that are interwoven and welded to compose each piece of jewelry. Portuguese filigree is recognized worldwide by its quality.
Digital source: https://www.tradicaoportuguesa.pt/filigrana-portuguesa/
Full experience: https://youtu.be/kuOrka7DjXM