N°1: Which of these are not a social network?
A social networking is the use of Internet-based social media sites to stay connected with friends, family, colleagues, customers, or clients. Social networking can have a social purpose, a business purpose, or bot; Linkedln, instagram and Twitter aims that purpose. Instead Amazon is just only an American company focused on e-commerce.
N°2: What could be an act of Cyber bulling?
- Put a like in a post that use bad words for offend someone
- Posting a an embarrassing picture of a classmate that you don’t like
- Write bad words to insult someone
- All of these are correct
Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology. Examples of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles. All of these behavior could be an act of Cyber bullying.
N°3: What is the largest global social network?
At the time of publishing, Facebook is the largest social network in the world, with close to 2 BILLION monthly active users. Although the use of others grows more and more exponentially Facebook remains the undisputed king of social networks.
N°4: What’s the one platform that doesn’t use hashtags?
People don’t use hashtags on Facebook as frequently, or with as much urgency as they do on Twitte, Snapchat or Instagram. Facebook just doesn’t operate that way and the use of the hashtag on this platform feels weird.
N°5: How many people are on social media?
- 3,96 billion
- 2,45 billion
- 1,87 billion
- 5,90 billion
The new Digital 2020 July Global Statshot report reveals that – for the first time – more than half of the world’s total population now uses social media. Data Reportal analysis shows that 3,96 billion people use social media today, accounting for roughly 51% of the global population.
N°6: What should we do to avoid the fake news?
- Share something just only when our friends do it
- Share only articles with a clear headline
- No one is the correct answer
- Read and verify the news before sharing
One of the reason fake news spreads and “goes viral” is because people click share without having read beyond the headline or without thinking about the content of the message. A headline may be misleading or may be unrelated to the story it is attached to, so it’s necessary verify every information before sharing.
N°7: Originally Amazon only sold which product?
- CDs and DVDs
When Amazon officially opened for business on July 16, 1995, the only thing they offered were books. But two decades after its launch, Amazon has conquered the podium of the online retail being now the bigger Online company in the world.
N°8: What did Mark Zuckerberg found?
- Google +
Mark Zuckerberg is one of the founders of the social-networking website Facebook; he created it out of his college dorm room at Harvard University during his sophomore year. His site was an immediate success making Zuckerberg a billionaire in a very short time.
N°9: When was Facebook created?
Facebook was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes, all of whom were students at Harvard University. Initially this was only opened to people with a Harvard email address but then it became the largest social network in the world.
N°10: What do Fake News mean?
- Fake news indicates articles written with invented, misleading or distorted information
- News reported through Social Networks
- Articles written with misleading information and published exclusively through Blog
- Bad news reported by Facebook
The term fake news eludes to reports, images, and videos that are shared to purposefully spread misinformation, to share an incorrect information. They can be created by individuals or groups who are acting in their own interests or those of third parties. The creation of misinformation is usually motivated by personal, political, or economic agendas.
N°11: For which reason fake news are produced?
- They are automatically generated by search engine
Fake news are due to misinformation in social networks. Very often entire propaganda campaigns are built on fake news to create confusion and social instability. For this reason we should increase our level of information, to avoid spreading fake news.
N°12: When was the first computer invented in the world?
The first electronic and programmable computer was called Colossus. It was invented by the British during World War II to decipher the secret messages of German enemies. His help was indispensable to win the war for the Allies. In fact, when was created that machine every day was able to decipher 4 thousand secret messages of enemy armies.
N°13: How many social media users are there in Cyprus?
- 1 000 000
- 800 000
- 500 000
- 400 000
The number of social media users in Cyprus accessing sites is one million.
N°14: Which is the most famous social media platform in Cyprus?
In 2017, Cyprus was coined the ‘Social Media Island’ by Foundiid researcher Paul McEvoy. This was after the Mediterranean gem was revealed to have the highest number of Facebook users (94%) in Europe, showing a clear love for the platform. In 2020, 90.42% are Facebook users.
N°15: In EU, Cyprus is more active in..
- Making telephone or video calls via internet (Skype, Viber, WhatsApp etc)
- Social Networking (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter etc.)
- Following online courses
- Taking part in an online consultation
Cyprus is the most active in the EU in making telephone or video calls via the internet (72%) while Cypriots are also in the top five for participating in social networks like Facebook and Twitter (72%).
N°16: When is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) became enforceable in Cyprus?
In 2018, the European Union enacted new legislation to protect its citizens’ personal data potentially affecting every consumer brand worldwide and was published in the official gazette of the Cyprus Republic.
N°17: The ability to access, critically evaluate, and create or manipulate media.
- Media bias
- Confirmation bias
- Media literacy
- Circular reporting
Media literacy encompasses the practices that allow people to access, critically evaluate, and create or manipulate media. Media literacy is not restricted to one medium.
N°18: Which was the 1st private television channel in Cyprus?
Television in Cyprus was introduced in 1956. Private TV was introduced on 26 April 1992, by Logos TV which started its transmissions in stereo and Teletext from day one. In August 1995, the same station introduced the first internet service provider in Cyprus, LOGOSNET.
N°19: Who invented the newspaper?
- James Augustus Hickey
- Johann Carolus
- Walter Olson
- Matt Drudge
The German-language Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien, printed from 1605 onwards by Johann Carolus in Strasbourg, is often recognized as the first newspaper.
N°20: “Plagiarism” is defined as…
- making up quotations or sources for a news story.
- taking someone else’s words or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.
- pretending to be someone other than a reporter to get an interview.
- accepting gifts or bribes from sources.
Although plagiarism is not a criminal or civil offense, plagiarism is illegal if it infringes an author’s intellectual property rights, including copyright or trademark. For example, the owner of a copyright can sue a plagiarizer in federal court for copyright violation.
N°21: How is the Greek word for the dissemination of information—facts, arguments, rumours, half-truths, or lies—to influence public opinion?
- Fake news
- Biased news
Propaganda is a modern Latin word.
N°22: How did Archbishop Makarios III communicate to express that he was alive after the false announce that he was dead due to coup?
While the state radio announced his death, Makarios addressed the people from a local radio station in Paphos, saying “You know this voice… I am Makarios and I am alive…“, encouraging them to resist the military junta.
N°23: Which is not a characteristic of fake news?
- Untrue information presented as news
- Information designed to be misleading
- Information designed to manipulate public opinion
- A story with information or a viewpoint that a consumer does not like or agree with.
Also, fake news is not produced by traditional or established media sources that adhere to journalistic standards and ethics. Fake news does not refer to articles or broadcasts that contain inadvertent mistakes that are promptly corrected and are from organizations that hold reporters accountable for accuracy. Most importantly, fake news is not a story with information or a viewpoint that a consumer does not like or agree with.
N°24: What is the dialling code for Cyprus?
The dialing code is also described as phone code 357 or dialing code 357 and is sometimes described as a calling code or international dialing code. The dialing code for Cyprus is 357. Exit codes and dialing codes are required to call from other countries to Cyprus.
N°25: Which famous personality with Greek background hosted the Eurovision song contest that was organized in Athens in 2006?
- Maria Menounos
- Jennifer Aniston
- Nikos Aliagas
- Noone, the host/ess did not have a Greek origin
Maria Menounos, a Greek-American entertainment reporter, television personality, professional wrestler, actress, and businesswoman hosted the Eurovision song contest that was organized in Athens in 2006
N°26: Zach Galifianakis’s parents…?
- are both of Greek origin
- only his father has Greek origin
- only his mother has Greek origin
- none of the above, they do not have a Greek origin
Galifianakis, a popular actor, comedian, pianist and writer was born in Wilkesboro, North Carolina. His mother, Mary Frances (née Cashion), was a community arts center owner, and his father, Harry, a heating oil vendor. His mother is of Scottish ancestry, and his paternal grandparents, Mike Galifianakis and Sophia Kastrinakis, were emigrants from Crete, Greece.
N°27: When television broadcasting was first introduced in Greece?
Television broadcasting in Greece was introduced in 1966, with the first network, ERT (Elliniki Radiofonia Tileorasi) broadcasting out of the capital Athens, as a state-owned monopoly.
N°28: Which of the following inventions were made by Greeks?
- The crane
- The winch
- The astrolabe
- All of the above
The crane was invented in 515 BC in Greece as a labor-saving device that allowed the employment of small and efficient work teams on construction sites. Later winches were added for heavy weights.
The earliest literary reference to a winch can be found in the account of Herodotus of Halicarnassus on the Persian Wars (Histories 7.36), where he describes how wooden winches were used to tighten the cables for a pontoon bridge across the Hellespont in 480 BC.
The astrolabe was first used around 300 BC by astronomers in Greece. Used to determine the altitude of objects in the sky.
N°29: What is GDPR?
- a. a new EU law
- a new funding programme
- a new TV series
- a new web platform
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the toughest privacy and security law in the world. Though it was drafted and passed by the European Union (EU), it imposes obligations onto organizations anywhere, so long as they target or collect data related to people in the EU.
N°30: What did Heron of Alexandria invent in the 1st century BC?
- automatic doors
- the first vending machine
- a and b
- none of the above
Heron of Alexandria, a 1st-century AD inventor from Alexandria, Egypt, created schematics for automatic doors to be used in a temple with the aid of steam power.
He also described the first vending machine. His machine accepted a coin and then dispensed a fixed amount of holy water. When the coin was deposited, it fell upon a pan attached to a lever. The lever opened up a valve, which let some water flow out. The pan continued to tilt with the weight of the coin until it fell off, at which point a counter-weight would snap the lever back up and turn off the valve.
N°31: Cyberbullying, is a form of bullying/ harassment using?
- social media
- messaging and gaming platforms
- mobile phones
- all the above
Cyberbullying is bullying with the use of digital technologies. It can take place on social media, messaging platforms, gaming platforms and mobile phones. It includes sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else, which constitutes a violation of the victim’s rights and for this reason it should be reported and punished.
N°32: Nikos Aliagas is”?
- Greek – Italian
- Greek – French
- Greek – American
- Greek – Canadian
Nikos Aliagas is a Greek-French journalist and entertainer, known for being the host of many French shows and TV programs. His Greek parents are Andreas and Harula Aliagas. One of his parents came from the area of Stamna in Aetolia-Acarnania in Greece. During childhood, he lived between France and Greece
N°33: Central heating was first used in which historical monument in ancient Greece (c. 300 BC)?
- The temple of Artemis in Ephesus
- The temple of Sounio
- The temple of Aphaia
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was warmed by heated air that was circulated through flues laid in the floor, the first known central heating system. Central heating of buildings was later employed throughout the Greek world.
N°34: What is referred to as the first known analogue computer?
- The Antikythera mechanism
- The Enigma machine
- The ΕNIAC
- The Mindcraft arcade machine
The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient Greek hand-powered orrery, described as the first analogue computer, the oldest known example of such a device used to predict astronomical positions and eclipses for calendar and astrological purposes decades in advance.
N°35: Which Greek M.I.T. professor is the founder of the One Laptop per Child Association?
- Diomidis Spinellis
- Constantinos Daskalakis
- Michael Dertouzos
- Nicholas Negroponte
Nicholas Negroponte (born in 1943) is a Greek American Architect, founder and chairman emeritus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Media Lab. Negroponte also established the One Laptop per Child Association (OLCA), a non-profit initiative with the goal of transforming education by creating and distributing educational devices, as well as software and content for them, for all the children in the developing countries.
N°36: Basil Koronakis is the founder of the leading European Newspaper “New Europe”. In which Greek Island was he born and raised?
- In Corfu
- In Mykonos
- In Santorini
- In Crete
New Europe is a leading newspaper published in Brussels, Belgium, the de facto capital of the European Union. It was founded in 1993 by Corfiot Basil Coronakis, the former ambassador of the Regional Cooperation Council. The majority of the paper’s articles cover the day-to-day business of EU policy making with over 66.000 copies weekly circulation.The print edition includes a special back page section known as Kassandra, which reports on cases of mismanagement and wrongdoing across Europe and EU Institutions and several fake news have been analysed in this section.
N°37: Which is the largest newspaper in Austria?
- Die Presse
- Kronen Zeitung
- Der Standard
The largest newspaper Kronenzeitung, reaching 31 percent of the Austrian population
N°38: When was the first newspaper issued in Austria?
The Viennese Newspaper (Wiener Zeitung) is one of the most famous newspapers in Europe and one of the odlest ones still published today. It was founded in 1703 as Wiennerisches Diarium becoming the official outlet of imperial Court news. Since 178ß it bears the name Wiener Zeitung becoming the official government newspaper.
N°39: Where was the first organic farm in the world registered?
- The Netherlands
Austria is also considered as Europe’s “organic farming country no. 1”. Austrians give emphasis on quality rather than quantity. The country promotes the reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. It is the first country in the world to register the first organic farm (1927) and also the first country to establish national regulations for organic farming.
N°40: How much of the electricity needs of Austria come from renewable sources?
Austria is one of the world’s most eco-friendly countries –over 70% of its electricity needs are met by means of renewable energy sources, and about 63% of waste is recycled.
N°41: Who is Ingrid Brodnig?
- An actress
- A writer
- A politician
- A doctor
Ingrid Brodnig is an Austrian author, journalist and digital expert. In 2016 she wrote her book Hass im Netz (English translation: Hate on the Internet) about online abuse and how to fight it.
In 2017 she published Lügen im Netz (Lies on the Internet) about misinformation and manipulation online.
N°42: What is critical thinking?
- Criticizing others
- Act based on emotions
- Act without asking questions
- Analyzing the given information
Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally, understanding the logical connection between ideas. It helps to form unbiased decisions and solutions. There are several steps to follow:
- Analyzing the situation
- Identifying the issue
- Gathering information
- Studying the information
- Forming a structure of all that you learnt (structuring the gathered information)
- Putting in practice what you learnt
N°43: What can be considered as cyber propaganda?
- Stealing private information
- Creating and spreading of fake news
- All of the above
Cyber propaganda can be broadly defined as the use of modern electronic means to manipulate an event or influence public perception toward a certain point of view. The propagandists use varied techniques including stealing private information and releasing it to the public, hacking machines directly, creating and spreading fake news, and so on.
N°44: What is a pasquinade (pasquil)?
- A funny song
- A type of folk tale
- Brief satirical piece of writing
- A painting
A pasquinade or pasquil is a form of satire, usually an anonymous brief parody in verse or prose, and can also be seen as a form of literary caricature. It became popular in the 16th century in Europe. The name “pasquinade” comes from Pasquino, the nickname of a statue, found in the River Tiber in Rome– the so called “talking statue” ,which have been used since the 16th century by locals to post anonymous political commentary. They are said to have been used as early tool of misinformation as they were often used to spread insults among political rivals.
N°45: How misinformation can be spread?
- False rumours
- All of the above
Misinformation is false or inaccurate information, it can be in the form of false rumors, insults, and pranks. In 1835, the New York Sun published the first large-scale news hoax, known as the “Great Moon Hoax”. This was a series of six articles claiming to describe life on the Moon, “complete with illustrations of humanoid bat-creatures and bearded blue unicorns”.
N°46: Which was the first country to abolish censorship?
- The UK
Sweden was the first country to abolish censorship and introduce a law guaranteeing freedom of the press in 1766, then Denmark-Norway followed suit in 1770.
N°47: When was the first time in Europe a woman occupied an editorial position?
In 1816, Therese Huber became an editor of the German cultural journal Morning paper for Educated Readers (Morgenblatt für gebildete Stände), one of the main literary and cultural journals of the era. She was the first woman supporting her family with a salaried editorial position at a journal. It is argued that she has been the first woman to hold an editorial position
N°48: What can be understood as cyber bullying?
- Spreading lies or posting embarrassing photos on social media
- Sending hurtful messages or threats via messaging platforms
- Impersonating someone and sending mean message to other on their behalf
- All of the above
Cyberbullying is bullying with the use of digital technologies. It can take place on social media, messaging platforms, gaming platforms and mobile phones. It is repeated behaviour, aimed at scaring, angering or shaming those who are targeted. Examples include: spreading lies about or posting embarrassing photos of someone on social media, sending hurtful messages or threats via messaging platforms, impersonating someone and sending mean messages to others on their behalf. Face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying can often happen alongside each other. But cyberbullying leaves a digital footprint – a record that can prove useful and provide evidence to help stop the abuse.
N°49: The Portuguese Via Verde system was first launched in 1991 with the purpose of:
- To better photograph landscapes
- Protecting the forests
- Highway tolls payment
- Facilitate the movement of emergency vehicles
Via Verde allows cars to pass in a non-stop lane at a toll without the necessity of stopping. It gained widespread use in Portugal because it can operate with any bank in the country, as there is a fully integrated cross-bank network. Via Verde is available at all toll roads and bridges in the country since 1995.
N°50: Who was Bartolomeu de Gusmão?
- A pioneer of lighter-than-air airship design.
- A sailor and sea captain.
- A wizard.
- A director of a popular newspapers and advisor of the King.
Bartolomeu de Gusmão was a Brazilian-Portuguese priest who belongs to a group of individuals who stand out in the history of Humanity, in the field of sciences with his notable invention, joining the gallery of our national glories and those of the World, with primary relevance to the field of air navigation. He invented the first lighter-than-air device called “Passarola”, because of its resemblance to a bird.
N°51: In 2020, the European Commission announced the winners of the Horizon Impact Award. One of the projects developed the first transparent display (in the area of paper electronics). Who was the Portuguese researcher involved?
- José Teixeira
- Mário Figueiredo
- Nuno Peres
- Elvira Fortunato
Elvira Fortunato is a Portuguese scientist and innovator in the field of paper electronics, including transistors, memories, sensors, batteries, displays, antennas and solar cells. She is also a professor and Vice-Rector of the NOVA University of Lisbon. In 2020, the INVISIBLE project has developed the first transparent display. This fundamental research lead to other innovative developments in other multi-billion-dollar industries such as ink-jet printing and smart medical diagnostics.
N°52: Which is the most popular social media platform in Portugal?
- Tik Tok
In 2019, Facebook was used by around 65% of the social media consumers in Portugal. The second most popular was Pinterest, followed by Twitter and Instagram.
N°53: Which was the first private television channel to operate in Portugal?
In 1957, the public broadcaster Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) began broadcasting RTP1, the first television channel in the country. A second RTP channel, RTP2, started broadcasting in 1968. Private commercial channels were launched in the early 1990s, with SIC on October 6, 1992 and TVI on February 20, 1993.
N°54: What is the dial-in/calling code for Portugal?
The calling code for Portugal is +351. All Portuguese domestic phone numbers have nine digits and the numbers begin with the prefix ‘2’, with Lisbon being ’21’ and Porto ’22’. In the rest of the country, the prefixes have 3 numbers.
N°55: Which is the oldest Portuguese daily still published?
- Diário de Notícias
- Açoriano Ocidental
- Jornal de Notícias
Açoriano Ocidental was founded in 1835 with headquarters in Ponta Delgada (Azores archipelago) and it is still operating. It is a daily newspaper. Diário de Notícias was the second newspaper in Portugal and it was founded in 1864. Jornal de Notícias began operating in 1888 and Expresso is a rather recent weekly newspaper founded in 1973.
N°56: The Champalimaud Foundation, located in Lisbon (Portugal), is a:
- Public School.
- Private mass media foundation.
- Higher Education Institution.
- Private biomedical research foundation.
The Champalimaud Foundation was created according to the will of the late entrepreneur António de Sommer Champalimaud, in 2004. The mission of the Foundation is to develop programmes of advanced biomedical research and provide clinical care of excellence, with a focus on translating pioneering scientific discoveries into solutions which can improve the quality of life of individuals around the world.
N°57: Where is the Web Summit held?
- Silicon Valley
Web Summit is an annual technology conference held in Lisbon (Portugal), considered the largest tech event in the world. Founded in 2009, by Paddy Cosgrave, David Kelly and Daire Hickey, Web Summit was originally held in Dublin (Ireland), until 2016, when it moved permanently to Lisbon. It has been described as the most important tech event in the world.
N°58: The mariner’s astrolabe was an inclinometer used to determine the latitude of a ship at sea. It was created by:
- Dutch navigators
- Spanish navigators
- Portuguese navigators
- English navigators
The creation and perfecting of the mariner’s astrolabe is attributed to Portuguese navigators during the beginning of Portuguese discoveries (15th century). It determines the latitude of a ship at sea by measuring the sun’s noon altitude (declination) or the meridian altitude of a star of known declination. They were designed to allow for their use on boats in rough water and/or in heavy winds.
N°59: The first Prepaid mobile phone card was launched in 1995 by:
- An American telecommunications company
- A German telecommunications company
- A British telecommunications company
- A Portuguese telecommunications company
The prepaid mobile service was invented by an American company (Subscriber Computing) in the beginning of the 1990s. Although, the first prepaid card was launched by TMN, the mobile phone operator of Portugal Telecom (nowadays owned by Altice) and was called “Mimo”.
N°60: The world’s first commercial-scale wave farm was opened in:
- The Netherlands
The world’s first commercial-scale wave farm (renewable energy) was located 5 km offshore near Póvoa de Varzim (north of Porto) in Portugal. A wave farm converts the motion of the ocean surface waves into electricity. It was officially opened in 2008.