N°1: Who are not a founding member of the European Union?

  1. Spain
  2. France
  3. Italy
  4. Germany

The founding members of the EU were: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Is important remember that Spain joined the European Communities in 1986


N°2: What do the 12 stars on the EU’s flag mean? 

  1. Ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among people of Europe
  2. Number of country who take part of the EU when the flag was done
  3. Circle of life
  4. The number of the first articles of the Constitution

The 12 golden stars on a blue background represent the people of Europe in a circle, a symbol of unity among the peoples of Europe.


N°3: Which is the latest State to join the European Union? (Updated until 2020)

  1. Estonia
  2. Cyprus
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Croatia

Croatia is the latest member of the EU, joining the others in 2013.  It was the first country to join the EU that had recently a terrible war, which ended in 1995. It was the second country after Slovenia from the territory of the former Yugoslavia to become an EU member.


N°4: When was the European Union born?

  1. 1991
  2. 1987
  3. 1993
  4. 1945 

On 1 November 1993, the twelve country of the European Communities ratified the Maastricht Treaty (signed on 7 February 1992); it was the funding act of the European Union laying the foundations for the monetary union and setting the political rules and economic and social parameters necessary for states to join the Union.

N°5: What is the sufficient document for a European citizen to travel in Europe?

  1. Passport
  2. Touristic visa
  3. Identity card
  4. Work visa

If you are a European citizen, you can only cross the borders of the States that are part of the Schengen area with a simple identity document. All EU countries, with the exception of Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom, belong fully to the Schengen area.


N°6: How many State are there in the European Union?

  1. 30
  2. 12
  3. 27
  4. 32

The EU was not always as big as it is today. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The Union currently counts 27 EU countries, the United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020.


N°7: Who made up the European Council?

  1. Heads of State or Government of the EU Member States
  2. Representatives of national administrations
  3. Finance experts of each State
  4. Common citizen voted from people

The European Council is made up of the heads of state or government of all EU countries, the European Council President, and the European Commission President. It is convened and chaired by its President, who is elected by the European Council itself for a once-renewable two-and-a-half-year term. 


N°8: How is the European Institution voted by European citizens?

  1. European Parliament
  2. European Commission
  3. European Council
  4. European Central Bank

The European Parliament is the only EU institution directly elected by European citizens and helps to ensure the democratic legitimacy of European law. It is composed of representatives of the citizens of the Union elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of five years


N°9: Where are the most important European institutions located?

  1. Brussels, Strasbourg
  2. Paris, Lion
  3. Rome, Madrid
  4. Berlin, Amsterdam 

The Main Offices of the European Commission are in Brussels and Luxembourg; it also has offices in the various EU countries, and “delegations” outside the EU. In many EU countries, agencies have been set up with specific technical, scientific or administrative tasks.


N°10: What is the NATO?

  1. An International organization
  2. An American government agency
  3. An European agency
  4. A Research institution

Nato in an international organization formed in 1949; it is a security alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe. NATO’s fundamental goal is to safeguard the Allies’ freedom and security by political and military means.

If a Member State is attacked, the allies react. So far, the only such case has occurred in connection with the attack on 11 September 2001.


N°11: Which State has recently left the European Union?

  1. Belgium
  2. Poland
  3. Sweden
  4. Great Britain 

Following a wide referendum in June 2016, in which 52% voted in favor of leaving the European  Union and 48% voted to remain a member, the Great Britain government, beginning the exit process ended in 2020 and identified with the word “Brexit”.


N°12 What is it the official language of the European Union?

  1. English
  2. Italian
  3. French
  4. NO one of the previous answer is correct

“Languages: Europe’s wealth”; this is what the European Union says about its multilingualism. Formally, there are 24 official languages of the European Union, but very often official communications are written and translated into only three languages: French, English and German. During the sittings of the European Parliament, all representatives may speak their own language.


N°13: When did Cyprus become a member of European Union? 

  1. 2004
  2. 2008
  3. 2011
  4. 2000 

Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004. 

N°14: The stars in a circle of the EU flag symbolize… 

  1. Our planetary system
  2. The light of civilization
  3. The future
  4. The ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among the people of Europe. 

They stand for the ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among the peoples of Europe. The number of stars has nothing to do with the number of member countries, though the circle is a symbol of unity. 


N°15: How often are presidential elections held in Cyprus? 

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5

Presidential elections are held every five years, with by elections held in case of a vacancy in the office to elect a president within a period of 45 days after the vacancy occurs until the next Presidential elections. In 2019 the constitution was amended to add a two consecutive terms limit. 


N°16: The educational program Euroscola offers the possibility to Lyceum students: 

  1. To gain knowledge about new technologies.
  2. To develop their imagination and acquire new artistic skills.
  3. To express their expectations and plans for EU.
  4. To be introduced to the values and rules of Christianity. 

Also, Euroscola gives students aged 16-18 the opportunity to visit Strasbourg and become MEPs for a day.


N°17: Cyprus held its six-month EU Presidency in… 

  1. 2011
  2. 2012
  3. 2014
  4. 2015 

From 1 July to 31 December 2012, Cyprus holds the six-month rotating Presidency of the European Union. This was the first EU presidency for Cyprus.


N°18: What does the Aphrodite deposit in the Cypriot Exclusive Economic zone (EEZ) contain? 

  1. Petrol
  2. Natural gas
  3. Fuel oil
  4. Uranium 

The Aphrodite gas field is the first gas field to be discovered and granted a production license in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, offshore Cyprus. 


N°19: The political system of Cyprus is… 

  1. Reigning parliamentary democracy
  2. Absolute monarchy
  3. Presidential Republic
  4. Dictatorship

A presidential system is a democratic and republican government in which a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. … Heads of state of parliamentary republics, largely ceremonial in most cases, are called presidents.


N°20: How many deputies does Cyprus represent in the European Parliament?

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5

In European elections, Cyprus is a European Parliament constituency, currently represented by six MEPs.


N°21: What is the role of Green Dot Cyprus? 

  1. Promote recycle
  2. Efficient utilize of resources
  3. Foster right attitudes and habits
  4. All of the above 

Green Dot Cyprus is the first Collective Compliance System for Packaging and Packaging Waste in Cyprus. It took the 2nd place at European level in the category ‘Supporting the Development of Green Market & Resource Efficiency’ at European Enterprise Promotion Awards of EU, 2013 and it was one of the 10 best European companies in the category ‘Environmental & Corporate Sustainability’ at European Business Awards 2014/2015


N°22: In what place is Cyprus in the Sustainable Development goals (CDG) Index for the European Union? 

  1. 8th
  2. 10th
  3. 18th
  4. 28th 

Cyprus is in the 28th position. Major challengers remain in these indicators of CDG: zero hunger, quality education, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, industry innovation and infrastructure, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production, climate action, life below water, life on land, partnerships for the goals.


N°23: Respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law are: 

  1. Values ​​applied in only a few Member States
  2. Common EU values.
  3. Unsecured values
  4. Values ​​that are violated


The European Union’s fundamental values are respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law. These values unite all the member states – no country that does not recognise these values can belong to the Union.

N°24: In which European country does the majority of Cypriots live?

  1. Italy
  2. Spain
  3. UK
  4. German 

The majority of Cypriots came as a wave to Britain in the mid to late 50s and early 60s. They came for a variety of reasons – economic, education, to escape the political situation in Cyprus. Cypriots began to form organisations and associations to preserve their identity and create a stronger sense of community. 

N°25: Which is the southernmost point of Europe?

  1. Lemesos
  2. The island of Gavdos
  3. Crete
  4. Pafos 

Gavdos (Greek: Γαύδος, [ˈɣavðos]) is the southernmost Greek island, located to the south of its much larger neighbour, Crete, of which it is administratively a part, in the regional unit of Chania. It forms a community with surrounding islets and was part of the former Selino Province.


N°26: Which of these Greek historical sites have been awarded the European Heritage Label?

  1. The Heart of Ancient Athens
  2. The temple of Poseidon in Sounio
  3. The Archaeological of Delphi
  4. The Archaeological site of Heraion 

The Heart of Ancient Athens was awarded the European Heritage Label in 2014. It consists of The Acropolis and the surrounding archaeological sites constitute an architectural ensemble of outstanding significance. The complex of up to a hundred monuments represents the core of ancient Athens, spanning a period of more than 3,000 years.


N°27: Greece has the…

  1. longest coastline in Europe
  2. fourth longest coastline in Europe
  3. second longest coastline in Europe
  4. third longest coastline in Europe  

Greece has a coastline of 13,676 km which is the longest coastline in the Mediterranean Basin, the third longest in Europe and one of the longest worldwide. It includes thousands of islands, but only 227 are inhabited. This unique geographical characteristic of Greece has played a substantial role in the country’s economic development throughout the years.


N°28: When was the first time that Greece held the presidency of the EU Council and its predecessors?

  1. in 1983
  2. in 1988
  3. in 1994
  4. in 2003 

Greece held the Presidency of the EEC for the first time in the second half of 1983. In the next years, Greece hold again the presidency in 1988, 1994, 2003 and 2014.


N°29: The core values of the European Union that are recognized by the Greek constitution are…?

  1. democracy, respect of human rights, solidarity
  2. tolerance, justice, expression of freedom
  3. respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law
  4. equality, democracy, respect for human dignity 

The European Union’s fundamental values are respect for human dignity and human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law. These values unite all the member states – no country that does not recognise these values can be part of the Union.


N°30: Greece borders with…?

  1. one EU MS
  2. two EU MS
  3. three EU MS
  4. four EU MS 

Greece is a country of the Balkans, in Southeastern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria; to the east by Turkey, and is surrounded to the east by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Cretan and the Libyan Seas, and to the west by the Ionian Sea which separates Greece from Italy. Only Italy and Bulgaria are official EU MS.


N°31: At the Corfu Summit held on 24– 25 June 1994 for how many countries the accession process was completed?

  1. One
  2. Two
  3. Three
  4. None 

At the Corfu Summit held on 24– 25 June 1994 efforts to enlarge the European Union with the accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden were completed with the signing of the respective Acts of Accession.


N°32: Where did our continent ‘Europe’ get its name from?

  1. The beautiful princess that Asterix met on his long journey
  2. The queen Euroreine of the Vikings
  3. The ancient Greek myth of Europe
  4. The daughter of the king of the sea in the tale of Hans Christian Andersen 

According to Greek mythology, Europe was the princess of Phenicia (modern-day Lebanon). One day Europe and her friends went to pick flowers in a field on the beach of Phenicia. There, the god Zeus, the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods, was transformed into a tame white bull to approach her. Europe stroked the bull and climbed on its back. Then, Zeus very quickly traveled all over today’s Europe and ended up in Crete. There he revealed to her who he was and then they got married.


N°33: Which Greek politician signed Greece’s Accession Treaty with the European Economic Community (now European Unity)?

  1. Andreas Papandreou
  2. Konstantinos Karamanlis
  3. Konstantinos Stephanopoulos
  4. Konstantinos Mitsotakis 

Konstantinos Karamanlis (1907-1998) was a conservative Greek politician who was four times elected Prime Minister and twice President of the Hellenic Republic. He was committed to the idea of a united Europe. In 1979, after years of tireless efforts, Konstantinos Karamanlis signed Greece’s Accession Treaty with the European Economic Community (now European Unity). Greece joined the EEC as its tenth member on 1st January 1981.


N°34: Where and when did democracy first flourish?

  1. In the Greek city-state of Athens during the 5th century BC
  2. In Rome around 1st century AD
  3. In France after the French Revolution in 1789
  4. In the Greek city state of Sparta around 4th century BC

The democracy of Athens was born  in the 6th century BC in the Greek city-state (known as “ polis”) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica. The Athenian democracy is often described as the first known democracy in the world. Democracy flourished in the famous Golden Age of Athens (5th century BC) during the reign of Pericles, laying the foundations for modern European democracies.

N°35: Who allowed the fundamental European value of respect for all religious groups in his empire?

  1. Alexander the Great
  2. Theodosius I
  3. Julious Caesar
  4. Justinian I

Alexander the Great (356 BC – 323 BC) was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through western Asia and northeast Africa. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders. He also spread the Greek culture in the east resulting in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire. Alexander was the first conqueror who encouraged religious liberty across his vast empire, one of the fundamental cultural ideas of Europe. He is often ranked among the most influential people in history.

N°36: Which of the following groups of words derived from the Greek language?

  1. Politics, Democracy, Oligarchy
  2. Dialogue, Monologue, Stereotype
  3. Ethics, Organization, Autonomy
  4. All three above 

Politics (politiká, ‘affairs of the cities’) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups.

Democracy (from dēmos ‘people’ and kratos ‘rule’) is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation.

Oligarchy (olígos ‘few’ and arkho ‘to rule’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

Dialogue (dia ‘through’ and logos ‘speech’) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people.

Μonologue (mónos ‘alone’ and lógos ‘speech’) is a speech presented by a single person.

Stereotype (stereos ‘solid’ and typos ‘impression’) is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.

Ethics (ēthikós ‘for morals’) is a branch of philosophy that involves concepts of right and wrong behavior

Organization (Organon ‘organ’) is an organized group of people with a particular purpose.

N°37: When the Refugee Convention (a.k.a the Geneva Convention) was signed?

  1. 1945
  2. 2000
  3. 1951
  4. 2013 

The Refugee Convention was singed in 1951 in Geneva. It defines the term ‘refugee’ and outlines the rights of refugees, as well as the legal obligations of the states who signed it to protect them. The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom. Initially the Geneva Convention was protecting European refugees from before 1 January 1951 (after World War II). In 1967 an additional Protocol was signed removing the time and geographical limits of who can be considered a refugee and entitled to protection.


N°38: Which European country is not a member of NATO?

  1. Austria
  2. Switzerland
  3. Norway
  4. Denmark 

Austria is bound to neutrality by the 1955 Austrian State Treaty and its constitution, which prohibits entry into military alliances and the establishment of foreign military bases on Austrian territory. Other neutral European countries are: Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Ireland.


N°39: What is Silbo Gomero?

  1. A Spanish singer
  2. A dessert
  3. A language
  4. A lake 

Silbo Gomero is a whistling language spoken in the Canary Islands (Spain). It is a whistled form of a dialect of Spanish. Silbo replaces each vowel or consonant with a whistling sound. Whistles are distinguished according to pitch and continuity. It helps to communicate across the deep ravines and narrow valleys that radiate through the island. It enables messages to be exchanged over a distance of up to 5 km.


N°40: To which language group does the Basque pertain?

  1. Slavic
  2. Germanic
  3. Romance
  4. None of the above 

Basque is a language spoken by Basques and others of the Basque country, a region covering the western Pyrenees in adjacent parts of Northern Spain and Southwestern France. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and is a language isolate in relation to any other known living language. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe and is the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed before the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area.


N°41: Which language has the most native speakers in Europe?

  1. Spanish
  2. French
  3. English
  4. German 

German has the most native speakers in Europe being an official language in Austria, Switzerland, and Lichtenstein as well as, of course, Germany.


N°42: Which is oldest written European language used today?

  1. Greek
  2. Italian
  3. French
  4. English 

Greek (and Traditional Chinese) are the oldest written languages still in use today.


N°43: Which is the smallest country in Europe?

  1. Monaco
  2. San Marino
  3. Vatican City
  4. Lichtenstein 

Vatican City is a tiny country within the Italian city of Rome. The Pope, the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, lives here along with its 800 other citizens.


N°44: Which is the most visited place in Europe?

  1. The Eiffel Tower (France)
  2. The Colosseum (Italy)
  3. Disneyland (France)
  4. The British Museum (UK) 

Disneyland is an entertainment resort in Chessy, France. Disneyland in Paris! It receives close to 10 million visitors a year, while for example, the Eiffel Tower sees around seven million a year. Within 25 years of opening, 320 million people visited Disneyland Paris, making it the most visited theme park in Europe.


N°45: Which country has the longest coastline in Europe?

  1. Italy
  2. Spain
  3. Norway
  4. UK 

Norway has the longest coastline in Europe and the second-longest in the world. The highly rugged coastline, including all the fjords and islands, is over 100,000 km long.


N°46: Where is the smallest town in the world?

  1. Lichtenstein
  2. Monaco
  3. Croatia
  4. Hingary 

Not only the smallest town in Europe but also in the entire world is the Croatian town of Hum. Its population hovers around 20 people and apart from being famous for its size, it is also popular for its mistletoe brandy called biska. Apparently, ancient Celtic Druids left here the recipe here for this alcoholic beverage around 2,000 years ago.


N°47: What you cannot find in Iceland?

  1. Volcanoes
  2. Mosquitoes
  3. Trees
  4. Beer 

Even though there are mosquitoes in the neighbouring Nordic countries, Iceland is mosquito-free. There is no clear or definite scientific explanation as the conditions in Iceland are similar to the ones in neighbouring countries which actually do have mosquitoes.


N°48: Which is the oldest country in Europe?

  1. Denmark
  2. Sweden
  3. Portugal
  4. San Marino 

San Marino is officially the oldest sovereign state in the world, and the oldest constitutional republic as well and has the oldest written constitution in history, created in 1600, which is a constitution it still follows to this day. San Marino is named after a stonemason named Marinus, who came from a Roman colony and founded San Marino as an independent monastic community. It is currently one of the wealthiest countries in the world in relation to GDP per capita and has one of the lowers unemployment rates in the continent.


N°49: What year did Portugal join the European Union?

  1. 1984
  2. 1986
  3. 1988
  4. 1990 

On 28 March 1977, the Prime Minister of the first constitutional government, Mário Soares, formally submitted Portugal’s application for accession to the European Community. Ten years later, on 1 January 1986, Portugal formally became a member of the Community, now European Union. 

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N°50: Which Portuguese politician received an honor from the European Parliament in 2018, as a recognition of his commitment to the European project?

  1. Mário Soares
  2. Diogo Freitas do Amaral
  3. Aníbal Cavaco Silva
  4. António Guterres 

In 2018, the European Parliament recognized Mário Soares as an important politician for the establishment and growth of the European project. Mário Soares was one of the Portuguese politicians fighting against the dictatorial regime in Portugal, was Prime Minister in different governments, President of Portugal, and Deputy of the European Parliament. 

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N°51: In which year, Portugal took the Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) for the first time?

  1. 1990
  2. 1992
  3. 1994
  4. 1996 

Portugal assumed the Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first time in 1992. Portugal was in the European Union for 6 years and this first Presidency was a challenged to the Portuguese politicians. 

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N°52: For how long was Durão Barroso President of the European Commission?

  1. 5 years
  2. 10 years
  3. 15 years
  4. 20 years 

Durão Barroso, a Portuguese politician and Prime-Minister between 2002 and 2004, was elected President of the European Commission for the first time in 2004. In September 2009, he was elected for the second time and remain President for more 5 years. 

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N°53: In 2017, the International Council for Exploration of the Sea (ICES) advice Portugal to reduce the fishing of…

  1. Codfish
  2. Horse mackerel
  3. Sardines
  4. Shrimp 

In the last semester of 2017, the International Council for Exploration of the Sea alerted Portugal and Spain to the need of reducing the fishing of sardines, suggesting full suspension in 2018. The main reason behind is related to the reduced number of this fish in the sea and to recover from it, it will take 15 years of low fishing of the specie. 

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N°54: The renewable energy more produced in Portugal is…

  1. Bioenergy
  2. Eolic
  3. Solar
  4. Hydric 

60,7% of the energy produced in Portugal is renewable and 27,5% of it is hydric. In the recent years, Portugal invested also in the wind energy (23,5%) and solar energy (2,9%).

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N°55: “ODSlocal” is a Municipal Platform of Portuguese organizations, cooperating for the national concretization of the objectives for…

  1. sustainable development
  2. gender balance
  3. social inclusion
  4. reduction of early dropout 

The “ODSlocal” is a Municipal Platform of Sustainable Development Goals launched in November 2020. The platform consists of a consortium of high-education institutions, environmental organizations and Municipalities that will cooperate to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs) in Portugal until 2030, as defined by the National Nations. 

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N°56: The first steps held in Portugal for the promotion of gender equality were done by the creation of the Working Group on Defining a Global National Policy on Women in:

  1. 1966
  2. 1968
  3. 1970
  4. 1972 

In 1970, the “Working Group for the Definition of a Global National Policy on Women” was born with the objective of studying and understanding the situation of Portuguese women, particularly of the working women in Portugal.

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N°57: On the 25th of April 1974, took place a revolution that contributed to the establishment of the democracy in Portugal, a revolution also known as the…

  1. Civil Revolution
  2. Democratic Revolution
  3. Carnation Revolution
  4. Pink Revolution 

The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese: Revolução dos Cravos), also known as the 25 April, was a military coup in Lisbon which overthrew the authoritarian Estado Novo regime, terminated the Portuguese Colonial War, and started a revolutionary process that would result in a democratic Portugal. Its name arose from the fact that almost no shots were fired, and from the fact of a florist have offered carnations to the soldiers when the population took to the streets to celebrate the end of the dictatorship. 

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N°58: Carolina Beatriz Ângelo was the first woman to vote in Portugal in…

  1. 1909
  2. 1911
  3. 1913
  4. 1915 

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo, doctor, republican and suffragette, was the first woman to vote in Portugal, in the elections held for the National Constituent Assembly in 28th of May 1911. At that time, the Portuguese law defines that the residents in National territory, that could read and write and were family chiefs could vote. Carolina Beatriz Ângelo had a degree in medicine and was a widow and thus, had the basic criteria to vote. There was some opposition to her right and legality of her vote, but in the end, it was accepted. 

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N°59: In 1867 Portugal abolished:

  1. slavery in mainland Portugal
  2. intercontinental human trafficking
  3. the death penalty for common crimes
  4. the criminalization of adultery 

Portugal was the first country in the world to begin the process to abolish the death penalty, abolishing it in stages – for political crimes in 1852, for all crimes except the military in 1867, and for all crimes in 1911. No executions have been carried out since 1846, with the formal abolishment of capital punishment for civil crimes occurring in 1867. 

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N°60: How old is the first Portuguese Constitution?

  1. 1822
  2. 1867
  3. 1911
  4. 1976 

In 23rd of September 1822 is approved the first Portuguese constitution, based in three principles: national sovereignty, in which political power is defined by individuals and one individual corresponds to one vote; the consecration of fundamental rights and freedoms (freedom of expression, freedom of association, right to the confidentiality of correspondence); overcoming powers, legislative power exercised by a chamber elected by direct and universal suffrage, and at that time all men over 21 could vote, even if they could not read or write (women, friars and servants could not vote), executive power exercised by the King who had no legislative power and yet a third power, the judicial power exercised by judges. 

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